• Attention to HIV-Prevention Information

    An implicit assumption in the design of HIV-prevention interventions is that the people who most need HIV-prevention information are the ones who actually receive it. However, there is a dearth of work examining who pays attention to information about HIV-prevention. Are high-risk audiences more or less likely to attend to information about HIV-prevention? What cognitive and [...]

  • Selective Exposure Bias

    The preference for information we agree with versus information we disagree with (labeled selective exposure bias) is a robust effect, yet there are still open questions about how we handle congenial versus uncongenial information. Under what conditions does uncongenial information elicit defensiveness versus disengagement? Can a focus on goal commitment versus goal progress reduce biased processing? [...]

  • Meta-analyses

    One way of examining the immediate and long-term outcomes of health promotion interventions is through meta-analysis of extant studies. For instance, what are the immediate and longitudinal effects of fear appeals and counseling & testing in HIV-prevention? What features of intervention programs are the most successful at eliciting positive behavioral change? Does the efficacy of [...]