One way of examining the immediate and long-term outcomes of health promotion interventions is through meta-analysis of extant studies. For instance, what are the immediate and longitudinal effects of fear appeals and counseling & testing in HIV-prevention? What features of intervention programs are the most successful at eliciting positive behavioral change? Does the efficacy of behavior-change strategies vary as a function of features of the target audience? What role does the source of health interventions play in the success of the intervention to change behavior? Are health interventions more effective when multiple health recommendations are presented simultaneously versus spread out over time (catastrophic versus incremental change)? What measures of attention to health information are most predictive of health behavior change?
Earl, A., & Albarracín, D. (2007). Nature, decay, and spiraling of the effects of fear-inducing arguments and HIV counseling and testing: A meta-analysis of the short- and long-term outcomes of HIV-prevention interventions. Health Psychology, 26, 496-506.
Albarracín, D., Durantini, M. R., & Earl, A. (2006). Empirical and theoretical conclusions of an analysis of outcomes of HIV-prevention interventions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 73-78.
Durantini, M.R., Albarracín, D., Mitchell, A.L., Earl, A., & Gillette, J.C. (2006). Influential agents of behavior change for different genders, ethnicities, ages, and behaviorally-defined groups: A meta-analysis of HIV-prevention interventions. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 212-248.
Albarracín, D., Gillette, J.C., Earl, A., Glasman, L.R., Durantini, M.R., & Ho, M.H. (2005). A test of major assumptions about behavior change: A comprehensive look at the effects of passive and active HIV-prevention interventions since the beginning of the epidemic. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 856-897.