Selective Exposure Bias

The preference for information we agree with versus information we disagree with (labeled selective exposure bias) is a robust effect, yet there are still open questions about how we handle congenial versus uncongenial information. Under what conditions does uncongenial information elicit defensiveness versus disengagement? Can a focus on goal commitment versus goal progress reduce biased processing? Do we show selective exposure bias when selecting information for liked (versus disliked) others? Why might we be more likely to show selective exposure bias for liked (versus disliked) others? How does willingness to engage in selective exposure for others influence relationship formation and maintenance?

Related Publication(s)

Earl, A., Crause, C., Vaid, A., & Albarracín, D. (2016). Disparities in attention to HIV-prevention communications. AIDS care, 28, 1-8.

Earl, A. & *Nisson, C.A. (2015). Applications of selective exposure and attention to information for understanding health and health disparities. In R. Scott & S. Kosslyn (Eds.) Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. DOI: 10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0013

Earl, A., Albarracín, D., Durantini, M.R., Gunnoe, J.B., Leeper, J., & Levitt, J.H. (2009). Participation in counseling programs: High-risk participants are reluctant to accept HIV-prevention counseling. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 668-679.

Albarracín, D., Durantini, M.R., Earl, A., Gunnoe, J.B., & Leeper, J. (2008). Beyond the most willing audiences: A meta-intervention to increase exposure to HIV prevention interventions by vulnerable populations. Health Psychology, 27, 638-644.

Albarracín, D., Leeper, J., Earl, A., & Durantini, M.R. (2008). From brochures to videos to counseling: Exposure to HIV-prevention programs. AIDS & Behavior, 12, 354-362.